Although eye problems become a common occurrence as we age, the following eyesight related issues could affect anyone at any age. Our eyes are one of the most delicate organs in the body, along with being the most precious of our senses. Since they are so delicate and exposed to environmental woes, they are susceptible to be inflicted with various diseases. Therefore, when it comes to proper health screening, it is best to watch out for any symptoms and treat them right away through regular yearly appointments with your eye doctor.
Early detection is extremely important because excess fluid builds up and puts pressure on the optic nerve, which can eventually lead to blindness. Genetics and sight injuries are just two causes of glaucoma. You can try steering clear of this condition by preventing overexposure to sunlight, and getting regular eye check-ups. Protect your eyes with sunglasses or hats, and take prescription drops regularly.
In many cases, blurred vision is caused by eye strain, stress, fatigue or dryness and can be resolved by simply resting your eyes briefly. If you spend much of your day in front of a computer screen, it’s important to take a few minutes to rest your eyes every hour or two to prevent eye strain. If your eye strain persists or suddenly goes from blurred vision to darkness, then call a doctor immediately since this can be a symptom of a stroke or a retinal problem.
Also called pink eye, conjunctivitis is common in people of all ages. It is extremely contagious and causes itching, watering, and swelling. An ophthalmologist will prescribe antibiotics to clear up bacterial conjunctivitis and steroids for viral conjunctivitis. Although there is no cure for the viral version, the steroids will reduce the amount of inflammation.
When vision begins to become cloudy on either one side of vision or both, cataracts are likely the culprit. The National Eye Institute says that more than half of the population of the US will develop cataracts by the age of 80. Visiting your ophthalmologist is the best way to have cataracts diagnosed and to discuss your risk factors in depth. Fortunately, cataract surgery can be performed to remove the cloud completely from the lens and restore a person’s sight immediately after the surgery.
Itchy eyes are usually caused by allergies, though the itching may also be due to an airborne irritant. Some easy remedies include cold compresses or ice packs, antihistamines and over the counter eye drops. If the itchiness progresses to inflammation and redness of the eyelids, however, then the problem may be blepharitis in which case you should see your physician at once.
SPOTS, FLASHES AND FLOATERS:
To some degree, these are normal and will go away, especially after resting your eyes. If the problem is persistent, see a physician immediately since this can be indicative of retinal detachment.
Perhaps the biggest problem treated by ophthalmologists is myopia. The common term for myopia is nearsightedness. Patients who suffer from nearsightedness have trouble seeing items at a distance. There are a few different solutions to this type of issue. Patients can opt for a pair of glasses or a set of contact lenses.
There is also the choice to have laser surgery performed so that no glasses or contacts are needed. Only your ophthalmologist will be able to determine if you are a good candidate for this surgery, so be sure to make an appointment and discuss any other medical conditions you may have.
FOREIGN OBJECT IN THE EYE:
If you get something in your eye, do not rub it as this can cause serious damage. Try using eye drops to flush the object out or turn your eyelid inside out. If you are unable to remove the object, see a doctor to have it removed.
Being one of the most important parts of our body, the eyes require constant protection and care. Do not be neglectful, and contact your eye doctor ASAP at the first sign of any irritation or something unusual. No matter how minor the problem may seem, it is best that you do not play doctor and rely on home remedies, but actually seek professional help.